The following citations and excerpts from research reports summarize the conclusions. Scientific findings discussed in this article should not be interpreted as product performance claims.
Some of the links are to summaries or references with further links to the original research. Some references regarding individual micro-organisms may be multiple references to the same original source. We have not investigated all original sources. The purpose of this article is not a comprehensive review of the scientific literature, but rather a summary and sampling of the overwhelming scientific evidence of the anti-pathogen properties of copper.
National Institutes of Health:
American Society for Microbiology: